Woody Herman & His Orchestra

Trackimage Playbut Trackname Playbut Trackname
Woodchopper's Ball 03:10 Tools
Four Brothers 03:15 Tools
Blues In The Night 03:15 Tools
Caldonia 03:06 Tools
Apple Honey 03:14 Tools
Early Autumn 03:10 Tools
Let It Snow! Let It Snow! Let It Snow! 03:13 Tools
Laura 03:27 Tools
The Good Earth 02:30 Tools
At the Woodchopper's Ball 03:13 Tools
The Golden Wedding 03:16 Tools
Let It Snow! Let It Snow! Let It Snow! - 78rpm Version 03:10 Tools
Let It Snow, Let It Snow, Let It Snow 03:17 Tools
Bijou (Rhumba A La Jazz) 03:21 Tools
Blowin' up a Storm 02:37 Tools
Blues On Parade 03:10 Tools
Blue Flame 03:17 Tools
Santa Claus Is Coming to Town 02:37 Tools
Early Autumn - 2004 - Remaster 03:16 Tools
Goosey Gander (Alternate Take 2) 03:16 Tools
Sleep 03:52 Tools
Yardbird Shuffle 02:40 Tools
Sabre Dance 02:35 Tools
Goosey Gander 03:21 Tools
Wild Root 03:25 Tools
Doctor Jazz 02:57 Tools
Northwest Passage 03:09 Tools
Las Chiapanecas 03:02 Tools
Summer Sequence - Part 4 03:05 Tools
Your Father's Mustache 03:20 Tools
The Goof And I 02:50 Tools
Blues Downstairs 02:47 Tools
Sidewalks of Cuba 02:59 Tools
At The Woodchoppers Ball 03:22 Tools
Back Talk 03:09 Tools
Woodsheddin' With Woody 02:13 Tools
Leo the Lion 03:11 Tools
Laura - 78rpm Version 03:19 Tools
Apple Honey - 78rpm Version 02:54 Tools
Blue Prelude 01:30 Tools
Let It Snow! Let It Snow! Let It Snow 03:57 Tools
Happiness Is A Thing Called Joe 03:26 Tools
Dallas Blues 02:59 Tools
Early Autumn - 2004 Remastered Version 03:02 Tools
That's Right 03:05 Tools
Down Under 02:51 Tools
Blue Flame - 78rpm Version 03:21 Tools
Golden Wedding 03:00 Tools
Bijou 03:26 Tools
At the Woodchoppers' Ball 03:16 Tools
Caldonia - 78rpm Version 03:02 Tools
Wild Root - 78rpm Version 02:54 Tools
Noah 03:19 Tools
Fan It 02:58 Tools
I Wonder 03:22 Tools
Four Or Five Times 03:09 Tools
Goosey Gander - 78rpm Version 02:54 Tools
Kean And Peachy 02:49 Tools
Skoobeedoobee - Live At The Monterey Jazz Festival, 1959 04:31 Tools
Someday Sweetheart 03:21 Tools
I've Got You Under My Skin 02:59 Tools
Your Father's Mustache - 78rpm Version 02:54 Tools
Apple Honey (Alternate Take 2) 03:19 Tools
Everywhere - 78rpm Version 03:06 Tools
Lady McGowan's Dream - Part 1 02:50 Tools
River Bed Blues 02:59 Tools
Skoobeedoobee (Live At The Montery Jazz Festival, 1959) 03:21 Tools
Like Some Blues Man (Live At The Montery Jazz Festival, 1959) 10:01 Tools
Put That Ring on My Finger - 78rpm Version 02:30 Tools
Panacea - 78rpm Version 03:02 Tools
Who Dat up Dere 03:10 Tools
I Wonder - 78rpm Version 11:52 Tools
Indian Boogie Woogie 03:09 Tools
Yeah Man - 78rpm Version 03:16 Tools
Your Father's Moustache 03:39 Tools
At the Woodchoppers's Ball 04:20 Tools
Bijou (Rhumba a la Jazz) - 78rpm Version 03:06 Tools
Cryin' Sands 03:10 Tools
Sabre Dance from Gayne 02:33 Tools
Non-Alcoholic 03:06 Tools
Dupree Blues 02:50 Tools
Northwest Passage - 78rpm Version 03:06 Tools
Lady McGowan's Dream - Part 2 02:29 Tools
I Told Ya I Love Ya, Now Get Out - 78rpm Version 03:22 Tools
Everywhere 03:07 Tools
The Good Earth (Alternate Take 2) 02:32 Tools
Blue Flame (78rpm Version) 02:54 Tools
Out of This World - 78rpm Version 02:51 Tools
Santa Claus is Comin' To Town 02:32 Tools
Back Talk - 78rpm Version 02:51 Tools
It's Coolin' Time 02:54 Tools
Not Really The Blues 02:51 Tools
I've Got The World On A String - 78rpm Version 03:26 Tools
Chip's Boogie Woogie 02:36 Tools
Give Me An Old-Fashionned Swing 03:16 Tools
The G.I. Jive 03:18 Tools
Four Brothers (Live At The Montery Jazz Festival, 1959) 03:32 Tools
Farewell Blues 03:02 Tools
Red Top 03:25 Tools
Mean To Me 02:30 Tools
Bishop's Blues 02:42 Tools
I'm Not Having Any - 78rpm Version 03:25 Tools
Atlanta, GA - 78rpm Version 02:55 Tools
It Must Be Jelly, 'Cause Jam Don't Shake Like That 03:27 Tools
The Magpie (Live At The Montery Jazz Festival, 1959) 04:59 Tools
It's a Blue World 02:56 Tools
G'bye Now 02:54 Tools
Somebody Loves Me 04:59 Tools
Do Nothing Till You Hear from Me 03:24 Tools
There'll Be A Hot Time In The Old Town Of Berlin 02:54 Tools
Summer Sequence (Part 1) 03:27 Tools
Herman At The Sherman 03:00 Tools
Amen 03:09 Tools
Blue Ink 02:56 Tools
Superman With A Horn 01:36 Tools
The Magpie - Live At The Monterey Jazz Festival, 1959 02:39 Tools
Summer Sequence - Part 1 03:18 Tools
Everywhere (78rpm Version) 03:16 Tools
The Woodchopper's Ball 03:16 Tools
East Side Kick 03:16 Tools
Four Man On A Horse 04:33 Tools
More Moon 03:13 Tools
Monterey Apple Tree (Live At The Montery Jazz Festival, 1959) 03:27 Tools
Happiness Is a Thing Called Joe - 78rpm Version 02:55 Tools
Surrender - 78rpm Version 02:41 Tools
You've Got Me Crying Again - 78rpm Version 03:25 Tools
Stompin' At The Savoy 02:53 Tools
The Good Earth - 78rpm Version 03:08 Tools
Careless 03:12 Tools
Jukin' 02:55 Tools
Summer Sequence - Part 3 02:41 Tools
Panacea 03:57 Tools
South 02:50 Tools
Wintertime Dreams 02:27 Tools
Twin City Blues 02:58 Tools
Summer Sequence - Part 2 02:55 Tools
Get Your Boots Laced, Papa 05:30 Tools
Everything Happens To Me 03:12 Tools
Summer Sequence - 1, 2, 3 & 4 11:52 Tools
Mr. Ghost Goes To Town 03:16 Tools
Blues Downstairs / Upstairs 05:55 Tools
There I Go 03:03 Tools
Heads Up 00:30 Tools
Sweet And Lovely 04:52 Tools
Hallelujah 01:51 Tools
Everybody Knew But Me - 78rpm Version 00:30 Tools
BLUE EVENING 03:05 Tools
Wild Root (78rpm Version) 02:51 Tools
The Man I Love 04:33 Tools
Woodchoppers' Ball 00:00 Tools
Milkman, Keep Those Bottles Quiet 03:06 Tools
Woodchopper's Ball - 78rpm Version 05:02 Tools
Apple Honey - Alternate Take 2 03:19 Tools
The Music Stopped 03:03 Tools
Caldonia (Take 3) 02:51 Tools
Blues In The Night (My Mama Done Tol' Me) 03:16 Tools
FRENESI 03:23 Tools
Sabre Dance - 78rpm Version 04:33 Tools
Fort Worth Jail 02:49 Tools
Too Late 02:42 Tools
Summer Sequence 11:44 Tools
Chips' Blues 03:14 Tools
Get Your Boots Laced Papa - Part 1 02:53 Tools
Do Nothin' Till You Hear from Me 03:26 Tools
Wild Root (Alternate Take 4) 02:29 Tools
Summer Sequence (Part 4) 02:53 Tools
Sidewalks of Cuba - 78rpm Version 03:16 Tools
Is You Is Or Is You Ain't (Ma' Baby) 02:58 Tools
Kean And Peachy - Alternate Take 2 02:51 Tools
Blowing Up a Storm 05:55 Tools
Woodchopper's Ball - Use MC47729 03:24 Tools
Summer Sequence (Part 2) 03:26 Tools
Mabel! Mabel! - 78rpm Version 03:16 Tools
Gee, It's Good To Hold You 02:41 Tools
Blue Flame (Noble) 00:00 Tools
The Preacher 04:30 Tools
Lemon Drop 03:06 Tools
Non-Alcoholic - 78rpm Version 03:25 Tools
Lady McGowan's Dream (Part 1) 02:50 Tools
Keen And Peachy (Alternate Take 2) 02:41 Tools
Goosey Gander (78rpm Version) 02:53 Tools
P.S. I Love You - 78rpm Version 05:57 Tools
Opus De Funk 05:24 Tools
Sleepy Serenade 03:24 Tools
Looking For Yesterday 02:51 Tools
Get Your Boots Laced Papa - Part 2 02:58 Tools
Wild Root - Alternate Take 4 02:55 Tools
Caledonia 03:25 Tools
Lady McGowan's Dream (Part 2) 03:25 Tools
Northwest Passage (Alternate Take 2) 03:08 Tools
Back Talk (Alternate Take 2) 03:25 Tools
Four Others 03:15 Tools
Muskrat Ramble 03:09 Tools
Four Brothers - Live At The Monterey Jazz Festival, 1959 03:34 Tools
Rhapsody In Wood 03:09 Tools
Back Talk - Alternate Take 2 03:01 Tools
Tenderly 02:57 Tools
I'll Remember April 03:16 Tools
'Tis Autumn 03:10 Tools
The Good Earth - Alternate Take 2 02:31 Tools
Skylark 05:02 Tools
Bijou (Rhumba A La Jazz) - Alternate Take 3 03:18 Tools
Baby, I Need You - 78rpm Version 05:57 Tools
Goosey Gander - Alternate Take 2 02:44 Tools
Caldonia - Take 3 03:02 Tools
Four Brothers - Live At The Montery Jazz Festival, 1959 03:33 Tools
Off Shore 03:27 Tools
Back Talk (78rpm Version) 03:33 Tools
Keeper of the Flame 03:15 Tools
I've Got the World on a String 03:18 Tools
Summer Sequence (Part 3) 03:09 Tools
Bijou (Rhumba A La Jazz) (Alternate Take 3) 03:18 Tools
Happiness Is Just A Thing Called Joe 04:31 Tools
Carolina In The Morning 04:31 Tools
Beat Me Daddy, Eight to the Bar 05:02 Tools
Here Comes The Blues 02:53 Tools
Moten Stomp 02:51 Tools
Time Waits For No One 03:53 Tools
Someone To Care For Me 02:27 Tools
The Blues Are Brewin' - 78rpm Version 02:51 Tools
I Guess I'll be On My Way 02:49 Tools
Nola 02:51 Tools
Summer Sequence - Part 4 - Alternate Take 2 03:03 Tools
Pinetop's Blues 03:34 Tools
Kean And Peachy (Alternate Take 2) 03:27 Tools
Monterey Apple Tree - Live At The Monterey Jazz Festival, 1959 10:34 Tools
Four Brothers - 78rpm Version 04:50 Tools
I Dood It 02:49 Tools
Surrender 03:16 Tools
Everybody Knew But Me 03:15 Tools
Mulligantawny 03:56 Tools
Life Is Just A Bowl Of Cherries 02:44 Tools
Better Get Off Your High Horse 10:34 Tools
Keen & Peachy 02:58 Tools
P.S. I Love You 03:11 Tools
Laughing Boy Blues 02:51 Tools
Swing Low, Sweet Clarinet - 78rpm Version 03:06 Tools
Keen And Peachy - Alternate Take 2 02:27 Tools
Lady McGowan's Dream 05:16 Tools
A Kiss Goodnight 03:25 Tools
Let It Snow, Let It Snow, Let It Snow! 03:15 Tools
Northwest Passage - Alternate Take 2 03:02 Tools
I Can't Pretend 00:30 Tools
Indian Boogie-Woogie 03:06 Tools
Skinned Again 10:34 Tools
Strange 03:04 Tools
Do Nothin' Till U Hear From Me 03:24 Tools
Skylark (Live At The Montery Jazz Festival, 1959) 03:53 Tools
Woodchopper's Ball (78rpm Version) 03:53 Tools
Santa Claus Is Coming To Town - Woody Herman & His Orchestra 04:31 Tools
Lollipop 02:52 Tools
Lullaby of Birdland 03:03 Tools
Hitting The Bottle 03:03 Tools
Summer Sequence (Part 4 - Alternate Take 2) 04:31 Tools
Sabre Dance (78rpm Version) 04:31 Tools
The Goof and I - 78rpm Version 03:03 Tools
By-U, By-O (The Lou'siana Lullaby) 03:03 Tools
Your Fathers Moustache 03:28 Tools
Royal Garden Blues 05:20 Tools
Jones Beachhead 03:39 Tools
Why Not? 03:15 Tools
It Happens To Me 02:50 Tools
Cohn's Alley 03:04 Tools
Perdido 03:05 Tools
Lover Man 04:50 Tools
Jackson Fiddles While Ralph Burns 03:00 Tools
I Can't Put My Arms Around A Memory 06:18 Tools
I Don't Want Nobody (To Have My Love But You) 00:00 Tools
I Told Ya I Love Ya, Now Get Out 03:28 Tools
(Hurry Back To) Sorrento 03:24 Tools
Put That Down in Writing 04:19 Tools
Let Me Love You Tonight 03:07 Tools
Atlanta, G.A. 03:10 Tools
Wildroot 10:05 Tools
Skoobeedoobee - Live At The Montery Jazz Festival, 1959 04:30 Tools
G.I. Jive 03:10 Tools
It Happened Down In Dixieland 03:03 Tools
Four Brothers (78rpm Version) 03:03 Tools
Let It Snow! Let It Snow! 03:05 Tools
Woodchoppers Ball 03:08 Tools
Deep Night 03:01 Tools
I've Had The Blues So Long 03:24 Tools
Slappin' The Bass 03:15 Tools
Billy Bauer's Tune 04:19 Tools
Would He? 02:22 Tools
Non-Alcoholic (78rpm Version) 03:00 Tools
Don't Tell a Lie About Me, Dear 02:44 Tools
The Goose Hangs High 03:15 Tools
Like Some Blues Man - Live At The Monterey Jazz Festival, 1959 10:05 Tools
Midnight Echoes 04:50 Tools
There will Never be Another You 02:44 Tools
Keen and Peachy - 78rpm Version 03:04 Tools
Starlight Souvenirs 02:15 Tools
Trouble In Mind 04:19 Tools
Music To Dance To 04:19 Tools
Rose O'Day 03:24 Tools
Four Brothers (feat. Stan Getz) 03:15 Tools
Don't Worry 'Bout That Mule 04:02 Tools
Let It Snow 03:24 Tools
Stardust On The Moon 03:08 Tools
Casbah Blues 04:19 Tools
The Great Lie 02:15 Tools
Skylark - Live At The Monterey Jazz Festival, 1959 04:20 Tools
Please Be There 03:10 Tools
Sonny Speaks 03:22 Tools
Four Brothers (Album Version) 02:52 Tools
FOR TONIGHT 04:19 Tools
The Magpie - Live At The Montery Jazz Festival, 1959 02:39 Tools
Amen (Yea-Man) 03:03 Tools
Meshugah 02:39 Tools
There Are No Wings On A Foxhole 02:42 Tools
Ebony Concerto 03:01 Tools
The Days Of Wine And Roses 03:01 Tools
Early Auturmn 10:34 Tools
125th Street Prophet 04:16 Tools
Mabel! Mabel! 04:19 Tools
There'll Be A Hot Time In The Town Of Berlin 04:50 Tools
Basie's Basement 03:24 Tools
The Sheik of Araby 02:15 Tools
Like Some Blues Man - Live At The Montery Jazz Festival, 1959 10:04 Tools
Take It Easy 03:22 Tools
Don't Tell a Lie About Me, Dear (And I Won't Tell the Truth About You) 04:19 Tools
Don't Get Around Much Anymore 04:20 Tools
A String Of Pearls 02:15 Tools
Now, That Summer Is Gone 02:15 Tools
The Lady From Fifth Avenue 04:19 Tools
Tormented 03:22 Tools
Double Or Nothing 03:09 Tools
Cousin To Chris 02:48 Tools
Let It Snow! Let It Snow! Let It Snow! (78rpm Version) 03:15 Tools
I've Got News For You 02:15 Tools
I Get A Kick Out Of You 03:02 Tools
Yeah Man 02:15 Tools
By the River of the Roses 04:19 Tools
DO I LOVE YOU? 04:19 Tools
Bounce Me, Brother, with a Solid Four 04:19 Tools
Five O'Clock Whistle 03:22 Tools
Say Si Si 03:22 Tools
Jumpin' At The Woodside 02:50 Tools
Woodchopper's Ball (Use MC47729) 10:05 Tools
Pick A Rib 03:04 Tools
Four Men On A Horse 03:09 Tools
Don't You Know Or Don't You Care 03:09 Tools
The Magpie 00:30 Tools
Body and Soul 00:30 Tools
Welcome To My Dream 00:30 Tools
Woodshopper's Ball 03:15 Tools
Jamaica Rhumba 04:19 Tools
Ah, Your Father's Mustache 04:19 Tools
Blues Upstairs 04:19 Tools
Lady McGowan's Dream (Parts I & II) 04:19 Tools
Irresistible You 03:08 Tools
Saturday Night (Is the Loneliest Night in the Week) 04:20 Tools
Rosetta 04:20 Tools
Get Your Boots Laced Papa 00:00 Tools
Apple honey - 1945 00:00 Tools
Calliope Blues 03:08 Tools
Ingie Speaks 03:08 Tools
Park East 04:26 Tools
Bessie's Blues 02:50 Tools
As Long As I Live 03:09 Tools
The Third Herd 03:09 Tools
Rose O'Day (The Filla-Ga-Dusha Song) 03:09 Tools
Monmart Bus Ride 02:50 Tools
Aruba 03:15 Tools
Yeah Man - Amen 02:48 Tools
Blues On Parade - DJ Wuthe am Grammophon 03:15 Tools
Afterglow 03:15 Tools
I Ain't Got Nothin' But The Blues 03:15 Tools
Milkman Keep Those Bottles Quiet 03:15 Tools
Skoobeedoobee 02:15 Tools
Like Some Blues Man 02:15 Tools
Ah Your Father's Moustache 02:15 Tools
Autobahn Blues 02:15 Tools
Wintertime Dreams (Live) 02:15 Tools
Sabre Dance [1947] 03:08 Tools
The Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy 03:22 Tools
Monterey Apple Tree 03:22 Tools
Whistle Stop 03:22 Tools
Single O 03:22 Tools
Hermosa Beach 03:22 Tools
Big Morning 02:50 Tools
I Got It Bad - And That Ain't Good 02:50 Tools
Skinned 03:22 Tools
Bedroom Eyes - Live At Harrah's Club, Lake Tahoe 03:22 Tools
Saxy 03:15 Tools
LOVE ME 03:15 Tools
He's Funny That Way (Take 1) 03:15 Tools
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Early life and career Herman was born Woodrow Charles Thomas Herman in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on May 16, 1913. His parents were Otto and Myrtle Herrman. His father had a deep love for show business and this influenced Woody Herman at an early age. As a child he worked as a singer in vaudeville, then became a professional saxophone player at age 15. In 1931, he met Charlotte Neste, an aspiring actress. They later married, September 27, 1936. Woody Herman joined the Tom Gerun band and his first recorded vocals were "Lonesome Me" and "My Heart's At Ease". Herman also performed with the Harry Sosnick orchestra and Gus Arnheim and Isham Jones. Isham Jones wrote many popular songs, including "It Had To Be You" and at some point was tiring of the demands of leading a band. Jones wanted to live off the residuals of his songs. Woody Herman saw the chance to lead Isham Jones' former band. Woody Herman eventually acquired the remains of Jones' orchestra after Isham Jones decided to retire. The Band That Plays The Blues and the First Herd 1936-1946 Woody Herman's first band became known for its orchestrations of the blues and was sometimes billed as "The Band That Plays The Blues". This band recorded for the Decca label. At first the band served as a cover band, doing covers of songs by other Decca artists. The first song recorded was "Wintertime Blues" on November 6, 1936. In January of 1937, George T. Simon closed a review of the band with the words: "This Herman outfit bears watching; not only because it's fun listening to in its present stages, but also because its bound to reach even greater stages." After two and a half years on the label, the band had its first hit, "Woodchopper's Ball" recorded in 1939. Woody Herman remembered that "Woodchopper's Ball" started out slowly at first. "t was really a sleeper. But Decca kept re-releasing it, and over a period of three or four years it became a hit. Eventually it sold more than five million copies--the biggest hit I ever had." Other hits for the band include "The Golden Wedding" and "Blue Prelude". Musicians and arrangers that stand out include Cappy Lewis on trumpet and Dean Kincaide, a noted big band arranger. In jazz, swing was gradually being replaced by bop. Dizzy Gillespie, a celebrated bop trumpeter, wrote three arrangements for Woody Herman, "Woody'n You", "Swing Shift" and "Down Under". These were arranged in 1942. "Woody'n You" was not used at the time. "Down Under" was recorded November 8, 1943. The fact that Herman commissioned Dizzy Gillespie to write arrangements for the band and that Herman hired Ralph Burns as a staff arranger, heralded a change in the style of music the band was playing.] In February of 1945, the band started a contract with Columbia records. Herman liked what drew many artists to Columbia, Liederkrantz Hall. Liederkrantz Hall was a desanctified church in New York City with excellent acoustics. Many recordings of the 1940s and 1950s took place there before it was demolished in the 1960s. The first side it recorded was "Laura", the theme song of the 1944 movie of the same name. Herman's version was so successful that it made Columbia hold from release the arrangement that Harry James recorded days earlier. The Columbia contract coincided with a change in the band's repertoire. The First Herd's music was heavily influenced by Duke Ellington and Count Basie. Its lively, swinging arrangements, combining bop themes with swing rhythm parts, were greatly admired. As of February, 1945 the personnel included Sonny Berman, Pete Candoli, Billy Bauer (later replaced by Chuck Wayne), Ralph Burns, Davey Tough and Flip Phillips. On February 26, 1945 in New York City, the Woody Herman band recorded "Caldonia". Neal Hefti and Ralph Burns collaborated on the arrangement of "Caldonia" that the Herman band used. "Ralph caught Louis Jordan [singing "Caldonia"] in an act and wrote the opening twelve bars and the eight bar tag. But the most amazing thing on the record was a soaring eight bar passage by trumpets near the end." These eight measures have wrongly been attributed to a Dizzy Gillespie solo, but were in fact originally written by Neal Hefti. George Simon compares Neal Hefti with Dizzy Gillespie in a 1944 review for Metronome magazine saying, "Like Dizzy [...] Hefti has an abundance of good ideas, with which he has aided Ralph Burns immensely. In 1946 the band won Downbeat, Metronome, Billboard and Esquire polls for best band, nominated by their peers in the big band business.[26] Along with the high acclaim for their jazz and blues performances, classical composer Igor Stravinsky wrote the Ebony Concerto, one in a series of compositions commissioned by Woody with solo clarinet, for this band. Woody Herman would record this work in the Belock Recording Studio at Bayside New York in 1959, and released in January 1959 as SDBR 3009. The recording has been released on a CD by Everest EVC 9049. Throughout the history of jazz, there have always been musicians who sought to combine it with classical music. Ebony Concerto is one in a long line of music from the twenties to the present day that seeks to do this. Woody Herman said about the Concerto: "[Ebony Concerto is a] very delicate and a very sad piece." Stravinsky felt that the jazz musicians would have a hard time with the various time signatures. Saxophonist Flip Philips said "during the rehearsal [...] there was a passage I had to play there and I was playing it soft, and Stravinsky said 'Play it, here I am!' and I blew it louder and he threw me a kiss!'" In his own original way Stravinsky noticed the massive amount of smoking at the recording session: "the atmosphere looked like Pernod clouded by water." Ebony Concerto was performed live by the Herman band, March 25, 1946 at Carnegie Hall. Despite the Carnegie Hall success and other triumphs, Herman was forced to disband the orchestra in 1946 at the height of its success. This was his only financially successful band; he left it to spend more time with his wife and family. During this time, he and his family had just moved into the former Hollywood home of Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall. One reason Herman may have disbanded was his wife Charlotte's growing problems with alcoholism and pill addiction. Charlotte Herman joined Alcoholics Anonymous and gave up everything she was addicted to. "Woody said, laughing, 'I went to an AA meeting with Charlotte and my old band was sitting there.'"[31] Many critics cite December of 1946 as the actual date the big band era ended and eight other bands in addition to Herman's, called it quits.] [edit] The Second Herd and Other Bands 1947-1987 In 1947 Herman organized the Second Herd. This band was also known as "The Four Brothers Band". This derives from the song recorded December 27, 1947 for Columbia records, "Four Brothers", written by Jimmy Giuffre. "The 'Four Brothers' chart is based on the chord changes of 'Jeepers Creepers', and features the three-tenor, one-baritone saxophone section[...]." The order of the saxophone solos is Zoot Sims, Serge Chaloff, Herbie Steward, and Stan Getz. Some of the notable musicians of this band were also Al Cohn, Gene Ammons, Lou Levy, Oscar Pettiford, Terry Gibbs, and Shelly Manne. Among this band's hits were "Early Autumn," and "The Goof and I". The band was popular enough that they went to Hollywood in the mid-nineteen forties. Herman and his band appear in the movie New Orleans in 1947 with Billie Holiday and Louis Armstrong. Herman's other bands include the Third Herd (1950–1956) and various editions of the New Thundering Herd (1959–1987). In the 1950s, the Third Herd went on a successful European tour. He was known for hiring the best young musicians and using their arrangements. By 1968, the Herman library came to be heavily influenced by rock and roll. He was also known to feature brass and woodwind instruments not traditionally associated with jazz, such as the bassoon, oboe or French horn. From the late 1940s to the end of his life, record labels Herman recorded for include RCA, Capitol, MGM and Verve. In 1974, Woody Herman's "Young Thundering Herd" appeared without their leader for Frank Sinatra's television special The Main Event and subsequent album, The Main Event – Live. Both were recorded mainly on October 13 1974 at Madison Square Garden in New York City. On November 20, 1976, a reconstituted Woody Herman band played at Carnegie Hall in New York City, celebrating Herman's fortieth anniversary as a bandleader. By the 1980s, Herman had returned to straight forward jazz, dropping some of the newer rock and fusion approaches. Woody Herman signed a recording contract with Concord Records around 1980, now called the Concord Music Group. In 1981, John S. Wilson warmly reviewed one of Herman's first Concord recordings "Woody Herman Presents a Concord Jam, Vol. I". Wilson said that the recording presented a band that was less frenetic than his bands from the forties to the seventies. Instead it took the listener back to the relaxed style of Herman's first band of the thirties that recorded for Decca. Last years Herman continued to perform into the 1980s, after the death of his wife and his health declining, chiefly to pay back taxes caused by his business manager's bookkeeping in the 1960s. With the added stress, Herman still kept performing. In a December 5, 1985 review of the band at the Blue Note jazz club for The New York Times, John S. Wilson pointed out: "In a one-hour set, Mr. Herman is able to show off his latest batch of young stars — the baritone saxophonist Mike Brignola, the bassist Bill Moring, the pianist Brad Williams, the trumpeter Ron Stout — and to remind listeners that one of his own basic charms is the dry humor with which he shouts the blues." Wilson also spoke about arrangements by Bill Holman and John Fedchock for special attention. Wilson spoke of the continuing influence of Duke Ellington on the Woody Herman bands from the nineteen forties to the nineteen eighties. Before Woody Herman died in 1987 he delegated most of his duties to leader of the reed section, Frank Tiberi. Tiberi leads the current version of the Woody Herman orchestra. Frank Tiberi said at the time of Herman's death that he would not change the band's repertoire or library. Woody Herman was buried in a Catholic funeral, November 2, 1987 in West Hollywood, California. Concord Music Group's website mentions these awards won by the various Woody Herman orchestras: "Voted best swing band in 1945 Down Beat poll; Silver Award by critics in 1946 and 1947 Esquire polls; won Metronome poll, band division, 1946 and 1953; won NARAS Grammy Award for Encore as best big band jazz album of 1963; won NARAS Grammy Award for Giant Steps as best big band jazz album of 1973." Woody Herman was awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1987 Read more on Last.fm. User-contributed text is available under the Creative Commons By-SA License; additional terms may apply.